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Volume 0483
Fred J. Arting McClurg: Tarzan of the Apes - title page silhouette
Larger 1st Edition DJ
G&D Colour Adaptation of 1st Ed.
Tarzan of the Apes
Covers ~ Publishing History ~ Summary
Cast ~ Chapter Titles ~ Lord Greystoke's Cover Art Gallery
See Part II: Japanese Edition Art

Read the entire novel online in the e-Text edition

Fred W. Small art: Headpiece from the original appearance of Tarzan of the Apes in All-Story

Ed completes Tarzan of the Apes: May 14 - 10:25 p.m. ~ (Heins word count in 1st edition publication: 98,000)
All-Story Magazine: October 1912
    Clinton Pettee: cover ~ Fred W. Small: b/w title headpiece
A. C. McClurg: 1914 ~ Prepublication paperback review edition
A. C. McClurg: 1914 ~ published in "three states" ~ 400 pages ~ 1st Ed. Print Run: 10,000 ~ Total: 641,000
    Fred J. Arting: DJ wraparound with b/w silhouette version for title page
A. L. Burt: 1915-1928 ~ many reprints with many variations in binding and DJs
Grosset & Dunlap: 1927
    Fred J. Arting: adaptation of 1st edition DJ possibly by Paul Stahr
Best Stories of All Time Magazine: 1926: Aug/Sept, Oct., Nov., Dec. 1927: Jan, Feb., Mar., Apr.
    No illlustrations
Big Little Book: Whitman Publishing: 1933 ~ 320 pages
    Juanita Bennett: cover and 307 interiors
Whitman Publishing: 1935 ~ much abridged give-away version with 48 stapled pages
Grossett & Dunlap: 1940 ~ 392 pages
    Fred J. Arting: earlier colour adaptation of 1st ed. DJ and no frontispiece
Armed Services Edition: 1940 ~ small pocket sized paperback with 351 pages
    Unknown cover artist and no interiors
Grosset & Dunlap: 1943 ~ Madison Square Wartime edition ~ 1943 ~ 314 pages
    Fred J. Arting colour adaptation cover ~ St. John Golden Lion title page decoration
Grosset & Dunlap: 1960
    Gerald McCann: DJ cover ~ no other illustrations
Ballantine Books paperback: July 1963 ~ 219 pages
    Richard Powers cover
Whitman: 1964 ~ unabridged 285 pages
    Al Anderson: illustrated pictorial boards cover and interiors ~ Jesse Marsh interiors
Ballantine Books paperback: (TV series tie-in edition) August 1966
     Ron Ely photograph cover
Grosset & Dunlap: 1967 ~ 314 pages
    Gerald McCann illustration painted on board cover ~ decorated title page but no interiors
Ballantine Books paperback: April 1969 ~ 245 pages
    Robert Abbett cover
Grosset & Dunlap: 1973
    George Gross: illustrated board cover ~ decorated title page
Ballantine Books paperback: April 1975
    Neal Adams cover
Ballantine Books paperback: January 1976 "Ballantine Special Book Club Edition)
    Neal Adams cover
Buccaneer Books: 1977 ~ no DJ or interiors
Random House: 1982 adaptation ~ 94 pages
    Tim Gaydos board cover and interior illustrations
Random House: 1982 ~ paperback edition of above
Random House: December 1983 ~ 104 pages
    Charles Ren pictorial boards cover ~ no interiors
Random House: 1983 ~ paperback version of above
Ballantine Books 20th reprint: Dec.1983 Greystoke movie tie-in ~ 245 pages
    Charles Ren cover
Ballantine Books paperback: May 1988
    Neal Adams cover reprinted
Ballantine/Del Rey paperback: September 1990
    Barclay Shaw cover
Avenal: 1988: Anthology of four titles ~ 848 pages
    Contains pulp version of TA plus Son of Tarzan, Tarzan at the Earth's Core and Tarzan Triumphant
    J. Allen St. John DJ (Tarzan at the Earth's Core painting) ~ Estaban Maroto: four TA interiors
New American Library Signet paperback: March 1990 ~ 288 pages
    Thomas Baines cover painting ~ Intro: Gore Vidal "Tarzan Revisited" article 1963
Penguin Books: 1990 ~ 286 pages
    McClurg silhouette cover used on cover and frontispiece ~ Intro and Notes: John Seelye
Random House: 1991
    Kenneth E. Laager cover
Book of the Month Club Edition: July 1995 ~ 784 pages
    TA and Return of Tarzan combined in one edition ~ Photos of early G&D editions on DJ
Easton Press: 1995 Masterpieces of Science Fiction edition ~ 252 pages
    Leather DJ ~ Kent Bash frontispiece ~ Intro: George T. McWhorter
First Edition Library: 1998 reproduction of McClurg first edition in slipcase
    Fred J. Arting: DJ wraparound with b/w silhouette version for title page
For detailed information see: Bob Zeuschner's ERB: The Exhaustive Scholar’s and Collector’s Descriptive Bibliography

The Tarzan Series
Tarzan is the son of a British Lord and Lady who were marooned on the West coast of Africa by mutineers. When Tarzan was a year old, his mother died of natural causes, and his father was killed by Kerchak, leader of the ape tribe into which Tarzan was adopted. Tarzan's tribe of apes is known as the Mangani, Great Apes of a species unknown to science. Kala is his ape mother. Tarzan (White-skin) is his ape name; his English name is John Clayton, Lord Greystoke (the formal title is Viscount Greystoke according to Burroughs in Tarzan, Lord of the Jungle; Earl of Greystoke in later, non-canonical sources, notably the 1984 movie Greystoke). In fact, Burroughs, as narrator of Tarzan of the Apes, describes both Clayton and Greystoke as fictitious names – implying that, within the fictional world that Tarzan inhabits, he may have a different real name.

As a young adult, Tarzan meets a young American woman, Jane Porter, who along with her father and others of their party is marooned at exactly the same spot on the African coast where Tarzan's parents were twenty years earlier. When she returns to America, he leaves the jungle in search of her, his one true love. In later books, Tarzan and Jane marry and he lives with her for a time in England. They have one son, Jack, who takes the ape name Korak ("the Killer"). Tarzan is contemptuous of the hypocrisy of civilization, and he and Jane return to Africa, making their home on an extensive estate that becomes a base for Tarzan's later adventures.

In Tarzan, Burroughs created an extreme example of a hero figure largely unalloyed with character flaws or faults. He is described as being Caucasian, extremely athletic, tall, handsome, and tanned, with grey eyes and black hair. Emotionally, he is courageous, loyal and steady. He is intelligent and learns new languages easily. He is presented as behaving ethically, at least by Burroughs' definitions, in most situations, except when seeking vengeance under the motivation of grief, as when his ape mother Kala is killed in Tarzan of the Apes, or when he believes Jane has been murdered in Tarzan the Untamed. He is deeply in love with his wife and totally devoted to her; in numerous situations where other women express their attraction to him, Tarzan politely but firmly declines their attentions. When presented with a situation where a weaker individual or party is being preyed upon by a stronger foe, Tarzan invariably takes the side of the weaker party. In dealing with other men Tarzan is firm and forceful. With male friends he is reserved but deeply loyal and generous. As a host he is likewise generous and gracious. As a leader he commands devoted loyalty.

In contrast to these noble characteristics, Tarzan's philosophy embraces an extreme form of "return to nature". Although he is able to pass within society as a civilized individual, he prefers to "strip off the thin veneer of civilization", as Burroughs often puts it.[6] His preferred dress is a knife and a loincloth of animal hide, his preferred abode is a convenient tree branch which happens to be nearby when he desires to sleep, and his favored food is raw meat, killed by himself; even better if he is able to bury it a week so that putrefaction has had a chance to tenderize it a bit.

Tarzan's primitivist philosophy was absorbed by countless fans, amongst whom was Jane Goodall, who describes the Tarzan series as having a major influence on her childhood. She states that she felt she would be a much better spouse for Tarzan than his fictional wife, Jane, and that when she first began to live among and study the chimpanzees she was fulfilling her childhood dream of living among the great apes just as Tarzan did.

Tarzan of the Apes
The novel tells the story of John Clayton, born in the western coastal jungles of equatorial Africa to a marooned couple from England, John and Alice (Rutherford) Clayton, Lord and Lady Greystoke. Adopted as an infant by the she-ape Kala after his parents died (his father is killed by the savage king ape Kerchak), Clayton is named "Tarzan" ("White Skin" in the ape language) and raised in ignorance of his human heritage. 

Feeling alienated from his peers due to their physical differences, he discovers his true parents' cabin, where he first learns of others like himself in their books, with which he eventually teaches himself to read.

On his return from one visit to the cabin, he is attacked by a huge gorilla which he manages to kill with his father's knife, although he is terribly wounded in the struggle. As he grows up, Tarzan becomes a skilled hunter, gradually arousing the jealousy of Kerchak, the ape leader.

Later, a tribe of black Africans settles in the area, and Kala is killed by one of its hunters. Avenging himself on the killer, Tarzan begins an antagonistic relationship with the tribe, raiding its village for weapons and practicing cruel pranks on them. They, in turn, regard him as an evil spirit and attempt to placate him.

The twelve short stories Burroughs wrote later and collected as Jungle Tales of Tarzan occur in the period immediately following the arrival of the natives, the killing of Kala, and Tarzan's vengeance. Finally Tarzan has amassed so much credit among the apes of the tribe that the envious Kerchak at last attacks him. In the ensuing battle Tarzan kills Kerchak and takes his place as "king" of the apes. Subsequently, a new party of whites is marooned on the coast, including Jane Porter, the first white woman Tarzan has ever seen. Tarzan's cousin, William Cecil Clayton, unwitting usurper of the ape man's ancestral English estate, is also among the party. Tarzan spies on the newcomers, aids them, and saves Jane from the perils of the jungle. Absent when they are rescued, he is introduced further into the mysteries of civilization by French Naval Officer Paul D'Arnot, whom he saves from the natives. D'Arnot teaches Tarzan French and how to behave among white men, as well as serving as his guide to the nearest colonial outposts.

Ultimately, Tarzan travels to Jane's native Baltimore, Maryland only to find that she is now in the woods of Wisconsin. Tarzan finally meets Jane in Wisconsin where they renew their acquaintance and he learns the bitter news that she has become engaged to William Clayton. Meanwhile, clues from his parents' cabin have enabled D'Arnot to prove Tarzan's true identity. Instead of claiming his inheritance, Tarzan chooses rather to conceal and renounce his heritage for the sake of Jane's happiness.

A page from that first-ever Tarzan story, written in Edgar Rice Burroughs' own hand.
You'll see that ERB originally christened his jungle character "Zantar," then "Tublat Zan," then, finally, "Tarzan"!
Note that "Bloomstoke" became "Greystoke."

click for larger images

The story's title page shows that ERB submitted his work under the pseudonym "Normal Bean."
But when the story was printed in "The All-Story Magazine," October 1912,
a transcription error transformed Burroughs' pen name into "Norman Bean."

All-Story October 1912 - Tarzan of the Apes
Click for full size
Methuen UK Edition
Methuen art courtesy J. G. Huckenpöhler: Huck's ERB Collector's Pocket Checklist

Summary — (Ballantine Books Blurb)
Deep in the savage African jungle, the baby Tarzan was raised by a fierce she-ape of the tribe of Kerchak. There he had to learn the secrets of the wild to survive—how to talk with animals, swing through the trees, and fight against the great predators. He grew to the strength and courage of his fellow apes. And in time, his human intelligence promised him the kingship of the tribe. He became truly Lord of the Jungle. Then men entered his jungle, bringing with them the wanton savagery of civilized greed and  lust—and bringing also the first white woman Tarzan had ever seen. Now suddenly, Tarzan had to choose between two worlds.
Edgar Rice Burroughs'

I. Out to Sea
II. The Savage Home
III. Life and Death
IV. The Apes
V. The White Ape
VI. Jungle Battles
VII. The Light of Knowledge
VIII. The Tree-top Hunter
IX. Man and Man
X. The Fear-Phantom
XI. "King of the Apes"
XII. Man's Reason
XIII. His Own Kind
XIV. At the Mercy of the Jungle
XV.  The Forest God
XVI. "Most Remarkable"
XVII. Burials
XVIII. The Jungle Toll
XIX. The Call of the Primitive
XX. Heredity
XXI. The Village of Torture
XXII. The Search Party
XXIII. Brother Men
XXIV. Lost Treasure
XXV. The Outpost of the World
XXVI. The Height of Civilization
XVII. The Giant Again
XXVIII. Conclusion

CAST (in order of appearance)

John Clayton: Lord Greystoke, emissary to Africa
Alice Clayton: Lady Alice (Rutherford), his wife
Billings: Fuwalda Captain, murdered by mutineers
Black Michael: Fuwalda chief mutineer who maroons the Claytons
Tarzan: ("white skin"): Claytons' orphan, adopted son of ape Kala
Mbonga: king of the cannibals
Kulonga: Mbonga's son
Archimedes Q. Porter: Professor from Baltimore MD
Jane Porter: Professor Porter's daughter
Samuel T. Philander: Porter's secretary and assistant
William Cecil Clayton: Tarzan's cousin, suitor of Jane Porter
Esmeralda: Porters' maid
Hazel Strong: Jane's friend in Baltimore
Snipes: rat-faced chief mutineer from the Arrow
King: Arrow chief mutineer murdered by Snipes
Tarrant: mutineer from the Arrow
Paul d'Arnot: Lieutenant in the French navy
Charpentier: Lieutenant in the French navy
Dufranne: Captain in the French navy
Father Constantine: French missionary in Africa
Monsieur Desquerc: absent fingerprint expert
Robert Canler: Jane's unwanted suitor, her father's creditor
Tobey: Esmeralda's beau
Rev. Mr. Trousley: Wisconsin minister
Kerchak: King of the ape tribe of baby Tarzan
Tublat: ape chief after Kerchak
Kala: youngest mate of Tublat, Tarzan's mom
Terkoz: son of Tublat
Neeta: young ape previously drowned

Cast List Ref: Clark A. Brady's Burroughs Cyclopedia 

Letter to ERB Biographer H.H. Heins from Ballantine:
August 20, 1969
Albany, New York
Dear Rev. Heins:
TARZAN OF THE APES was reset in April, 1969, - the 5th printing. The Burroughs family requested that certain material be deleted. The book contained some material that would now be offensive to certain groups or nationalities and they felt that this should be removed from the book. In order to do this the book was set in a different type which accounts for the difference in page length.
Carole Showalter ~ Managing Editor
Ballantine Books
101 Fifth Ave.
New York, NY  1004

A.L Burt Edition Inscribed by ERB to his Secretary, John Shea
"To John A. Shea, with best wishes from his friend always, Edgar Rice Burroughs, Tarzana Ranch"

ERBzine 0420: Tarzan of the Apes in All-Story
ERBzine 0418: Tarak and the Jewels of Louisville

John Clayton, Lord Greystoke

Tarzan Book: Compilation of Foster adaptation stripsBig Little Book: Whitman Publishing: 1933 ~ 320 pagesArmed Services Edition: 1940 ~ small pocket sized paperback with 351 pageGrosset and Dunlap later edition
Whitman EditionRandom House edition 1982Dover Thrift edition
Ron Ely Ballantine August 1966Robert Abbett cover: Ballantine April 1969Robert Abbett cover: Ballantine 1972Richard Powers art: Ballantine 1963Neal Adams art: Ballantine 1980
Charles Ren art: Ballantine edition March 1984Barclay Shaw art: Del Rey edition 1993UK NEL 1975Flamingo edition 1972Thomas Baines art: Signet edition 1990Penguin edition ~ 1990

Click for large images
Newnes edition 1929UK Newnes EditionUK Goulden edition 1951
Edward Mortelmans art: Four Square edition UK 1961Edward Mortelmans art: Four Square UK 1964UK Four Square edition 1967

Interior Art Gallery
There was no interior art in the original McClurg first edition.
Featured here four Esteban Maroto interiors from the 1988 Avenal omnibus edition
St. John DJ for the Avenal Anthology of four novels
Tarzan of the apes placed his foot upon the neck of his lifelong enemy and voiced the wild cry of his people.On many moonlit nights, Tarzan rode, perched high upon Tantor's mighty back.The infuriated beast, drawn upward and backward, struggled impotentlyHe took his woman in his arms
Featured in ERBzine 0483a is art from a Japanese book put out by Shogakukam publishers.
This profusely illustrated book from the Tom Lindgren Collection
has a slip jacket cover which inserts into a protective box cover housing.
See Tarzan of the Apes Pt. II
Read the entire novel online in the e-Text edition

Web Refs
ERB C.H.A.S.E.R. Illustrated Bibliography
Hillman ERB Cosmos
Patrick Ewing's First Edition Determinors
John Coleman Burroughs Tribute
ERBList Summary Project by ERB Fans
J. Allen St. John Bio, Gallery & Links
Edgar Rice Burroughs: LifeLine Biography
Bob Zeuschner's ERB Bibliography
J.G. Huckenpohler's ERB Checklist
Burroughs Bibliophiles Bulletin
G. T. McWhorter's Burroughs Bulletin Index
Illustrated Bibliography of ERB Pulp Magazines
Phil Normand's Recoverings
ERBzine Weekly Online Fanzine
ERB Emporium: Collectibles ~ Comics ~ BLBs ~ Pulps ~ Cards
ERBVILLE: ERB Public Domain Stories in PDF
Clark A. Brady's Burroughs Cyclopedia
Heins' Golden Anniversary Bibliography of Edgar Rice Burroughs
Bradford M. Day's Edgar Rice Burroughs: A Bibliography

The Fantastic Worlds of Edgar Rice Burroughs
ERBzine Weekly Webzine
Danton Burroughs Website: Tarzana Treasure Vaults
Burroughs Bibliophiles
John Coleman Burroughs Tribute Site
Tarzine: Official Monthly Webzine of ERB, Inc.
John Carter of Mars
Edgar Rice Burroughs
ERBzine Weekly Webzine
Weekly Webzine
Danton Burroughs Weekly Webzine
Weekly Webzine

John Carter Film News

ERB, Inc. Corporate Site

ERB Centennial

Volume 0483

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